Paul’s Calling, Teaching and commentary, chapter 19

To: “Churches of God” Called to be Spiritual Israelites, atOne with Jesus. 4/1/19, God’s 13th month 25rd day of Adar 2, 5779 until sunset.    ( Walking in God’s light is opposite of fleshly arousal.)

(Rom 13:11-14; “And do this because we know the time, that it is already the hour for us to awake from sleep, for our salvation is now nearer than when we became believers. The night has advanced toward dawn; the day is near. So then we must lay aside the works of darkness, and put on the weapons of light. Let us live decently as in the daytime, not in carousing and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and sensuality, not in discord and jealousy. Instead, put on the Lord Jesus Christ and make no provision for the flesh to arouse its desires.”)

Paul is speaking to the called. The god of this world influences populations to unnatural arousals of the flesh, which includes love of money, power and lustful animalistic behavior. Be patience with new converts, allow each to grow in faith towards God’s will for themselves.

(Rom 14:1-4; “Now receive the one who is weak in the faith and do not have disputes over differing opinions. One person believes in eating everything, but the weak person eats only vegetables. The one who eats everything must not despise the one who does not and the one who abstains must not judge the one who eats everything, for God has accepted him. Who are you to pass judgment on another’s servant? Before his own master he stands or falls. And he will stand, for the Lord is able to make him stand.”)

Again let us realize Paul is writing to gentile who’re converted to Believe IN Jesus, “people who abandoned the things James and the apostles wrote about.” Naturally new and old converts need to grow in the grace and knowledge of Jesus’ way.

(Rom 14:5-12; “One person regards one day holier than other days, and another regards them all alike. Each must be fully convinced in his own mind. The one who observes the day does it for the Lord. The one who eats, eats for the Lord because he gives thanks to God, and the one who abstains from eating abstains for the Lord, and he gives thanks to God. For none of us lives for himself and none dies for himself. (8) If we ‘believers IN’ live, we live for the Lord; if we die, we die for the Lord. Therefore, whether we live or die, we ‘believers IN’ are the Lord’s. For this reason Christ died and returned to life, so that He may be the Lord of both the dead and the living. But you who eat vegetables only – why do you judge your brother or sister? And you who eat everything – why do you despise your brother or sister? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of God. For it is written, “As I live, says the Lord, every knee will bow to Me, and every tongue will give praise to God.” Therefore, each of us will give an account of himself to God.”) From the fleshly part of our nature we’re prone to be self-righteous about how we see things: the spirit of truth leads us to mimic Jesus’ thinking regarding all things. We can’t despise a Believer for being slow to conform. Self-righteousness can easily become an obstacle to atOnement.

(Rom 14:13-18; “Therefore we must not pass judgment on one another, but rather determine never to place an obstacle or a trap before a brother or sister. I know and am convinced in the Lord Jesus that there is nothing unclean in itself; still, it is unclean to the one who considers it unclean. (15) For if your brother or sister is distressed because of what you eat, you are no longer walking in love. Do not destroy by your food someone for whom Christ died. Therefore do not let what you consider good be spoken of as evil. For the kingdom of God does not consist of food and drink, but righteousness, peace, and joy in the Holy Spirit. For the one who serves Christ in this way is pleasing to God and approved by people.”)

(Rom 14:19-23; “So then, let us pursue what makes for peace and for building up one another. Do not destroy the work of God for the sake of food. For although all things are clean, it is wrong to cause anyone to stumble by what you eat. It is good not to eat meat or drink wine or to do anything that causes your brother to stumble. (22) The faith you have, keep to yourself before God. Blessed is the one who does not judge himself by what he approves. But the man who doubts is condemned if he eats, because he does not do so from faith, and whatever is not from faith is sin.”) So the key is to quietly mimic Jesus, not boastfully vocalizing a self-righteous attitude that may make another feel you’re judging. Paul’s concern is for new converts. Think on the initial duty principles written to new gentile converts from the Jerusalem church.

(Acts 15:19-22; “Therefore I, “James” conclude that we should not cause extra difficulty for those among the Gentiles who are turning to God, but that we should write them a letter telling them to abstain from things defiled by idols and from sexual immorality and from what has been strangled and from blood. For Moses has had those who proclaim him in every town from ancient times, because he is read aloud in the synagogues every Sabbath.”)

Let’s be careful about taking things out of context and consider the whole word of God. Paul would write later, “So then you, “gentiles” are no longer foreigners and non-citizens, but you are fellow citizens with the Saints and members of God’s household, because you have been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus Himself as the Cornerstone. In Him the whole building, being joined together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord, in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling place of God in the Spirit.” Ephesians 2:19-22.)

Strong looking out for the weak, “is the principle of love.”

(Rom 15:1-6; “But we who are strong ought to bear with the failings of the weak, and not just please ourselves. Let each of us please his neighbor for his good to build him up. For even Christ did not please Himself, but just as it is written, “The insults of those who insult you have fallen on Me.” For everything that was written in former times was written for our instruction, so that through endurance and through encouragement of the scriptures we may have hope. Now may the God of endurance and comfort give you unity with one another in accordance with Christ Jesus, so that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.”)

Note: Paul is directing gentiles to what’s written to Israel in former times. As Gentile converts grew in grace and knowledge they’d realize they’re becoming spiritual Israelites. A people coming out from among others practicing abominable things in God’s View. Let’s be patient with one another, just as Jesus is patient with us individually. As an apostle of Jesus, it was incumbent on Paul to share Israel’s history with the gentiles. Teaching that gentiles become heirs with Abraham, when they’re followers of Jesus. No doubt: Paul shared about his being present when deacon Stephen was murdered and Israel’s historical radical record. How Israelites were preparing to stone him. Study Stephens attitude regarding his murderers, at Acts 7:.

To assume gentiles were taught a differing gospel, than proclaimed to Israelites is ludicrous. Gentiles growing out from the likes of Baal worship, isn’t that much different than Israelites growing out from their thinking, salvation came through law keeping. Both groups and all Believers IN, must grow in the grace and knowledge of God the Father and God the Son.

All saved by grace.

(Rom 15:7-16; “Receive one another, then, just as Christ also received you, to God’s glory. For I tell you that Christ has become a servant of the circumcised on behalf of God’s truth to confirm the promises made to the fathers, “(patriarchs” (9) and thus the Gentiles glorify God for His mercy. As it is written, “Because of this I will confess you among the Gentiles, and I will sing praises to Your name.” ’Quote from Ps 18:49’ (10) And again it says: “Rejoice, O Gentiles, with His people.” ‘Quote from Deut 32:43’ And again, “Praise the Lord all you Gentiles, and let all the peoples praise Him. “Quote from Ps 117:1” And again Isaiah says, “The root of Jesse will come, and the one who rises to rule over the Gentiles, in Him will the Gentiles hope.” ‘Quote from Isaiah 11:10’ Now may the God of hope fill you ‘Gentiles’ with all joy and peace as you believe IN Him, so that you may abound in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.” ‘Root of Jesse is Jesus!’

(Rom 15:14-16; “But I myself am fully convinced about you, “gentiles” my brothers and sisters, that you yourselves are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, and able to instruct one another. But I have written more boldly to you on some points so as to remind you, because of the grace given to me by God to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles. I serve the gospel of God like a priest, so that the Gentiles may become an acceptable offering, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.”

Sanctify; “means to be set apart.” As gentile populations grew in grace and knowledge of the God of Israel, they realized they’re set apart from the populations once a part of. As gentiles grew they had no problems with the oracles of God. Obviously, Paul wanted gentiles and Israelites to grow into holy temples of God.

(Rom 15:17-21; “So I boast in Christ Jesus about the things that pertain to God. For I will not dare to speak of anything except what Christ has accomplished through me in order to bring about the obedience of the Gentiles, by word and deed, in the power of signs and wonders, in the power of the Spirit of God. So from Jerusalem even as far as Illyricum I have fully preached the gospel of Christ. And in this way I desire to preach where Christ has not been named, so as not to build on another person’s foundation, but as it is written: “Those who were not told about Him will see, and those who have not heard will understand.” ‘Quote from Isaiah 52:15’

(Rom 15:22-29; “This is the reason I was often hindered from coming to you. But now there is nothing more to keep me in these regions, and I have for many years desired to come to you when I go to Spain. For I hope to visit you when I pass through and that you will help me on my journey there, after I have enjoyed your company for a while.” (25) “But now I go to Jerusalem to minister to the Saints. For Macedonia and Achaia are pleased to make some contribution for the poor among the Saints in Jerusalem. For they were pleased to do this, and indeed they are indebted to the Jerusalem Saints. For if the Gentiles have shared in their spiritual things, they are obligated also to minister to them in material things. Therefore after I have completed this and have safely delivered this bounty to them, I will set out for Spain by way of you, and I know that when I come to you I will come in the fullness of Christ’s blessing.”

(30) “Now I urge you, brothers and sisters, through our Lord Jesus Christ and through the love of the Spirit, to join fervently with me in prayer to God on my behalf. Pray that I may be rescued from those who are disobedient in Judea and that my ministry in Jerusalem may be acceptable to the Saints, so that by God’s will I may come to you with joy and be refreshed in your company. Now may the God of peace be with all of you. Amen.”)

At the time Paul didn’t know that he would spend quite some time incarcerated in Jerusalem and Caesarea before his journey to Rome. Paul intended to send disciples ahead and he intended this letter be shared with the other churches.

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