The Christian Obligation, chapter 14

To: People with a gifted desire to be atOne with Jesus; “Spiritual Israelites” 5/12/19, God’s 2nd month 7th day of Lyyar 5,770 until sunset.

Chapter 7

God’s call to Abraham begins a time of His choosing, promised protection, predestination, heirs becoming perpetual occupants of the promised lands, disruptions along the way and ultimately Sarai and Abraham’s generations becoming a people nations looking up to.

Gen 15:1-7; Abraham is promised abundance, God said “I am your shield, One who will reward you. Abram said, “O Sovereign Lord, what will you give me since I continue to be childless, my heir is Eliezer the Damascus? The word of the Lord came to him: “This man will not be your heir, but instead a son who comes from your own body will be your heir.” (5) The Lord took him outside and said, “Gaze into the sky and count the stars – if you are able to count them!” Then he said to him, “So will your descendants be.” Abram believed the Lord, and the Lord considered his response of faith as proof of genuine loyalty.”

The Lord said to him, “I am the Lord who brought you out from Ur of the Chaldeans to give you this land to possess.” But Abram said, “O sovereign Lord, by what can I know that I am to possess it?” (9) The Lord said to him, “Take for me a heifer, a goat, and a ram, each three years old, along with a dove and a young pigeon.” So Abram took all these for Him and then cut them in two and placed each half opposite the other, but he did not cut the birds in half. When birds of prey came down on the carcasses, Abram drove them away.

(Gen 15:12- When the sun went down, Abram fell sound asleep, and great terror overwhelmed him. Then the Lord said to Abram, “Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a foreign country. They will be enslaved and oppressed for four hundred years. (14) But I will execute judgment on the nation that they will serve. Afterward they will come out with many possessions. But as for you, you will go to your ancestors in peace and be buried at a good old age. In the fourth generation your descendants will return here, for the sin of the Amorites has not yet reached its limit.”) Lands of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites, Canaanites, Girgashites, and Jebusites.” Lands of Ham’s heirs would be given to Israel.

(Gen 15:17-18; When the sun had gone down and it was dark, a smoking firepot with a flaming torch passed between the animal parts. That day the Lord made a covenant with Abram: “To your descendants I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates River.” These lands will yet and again given over to Israel. (See Isaiah 22: 35:  51:-53: 65: Amos 9:11-15 and Jeremiah 31: for starters.)

Gen 16:1-6; Sarai and Abram had no children and she said to Abram “Since the Lord has prevented me from having children, have sexual relations with my servant. Perhaps I can have a family by her.” Abram did what Sarai told him. They lived in Canaan ten years when Sarai gave Hagar her servant for him to wife. She became pregnant and Sarai blamed Abram saying “when she realized that she was pregnant, she despised me. May the Lord judge between you and me! “She’s under your authority” Abram said. Then Sarai treated Hagar harshly and she ran away.

16:7-12; The Lord’s angel found Hagar near a spring of water in the desert – the spring that is along the road to Shur. He said, “Hagar, servant of Sarai, where have you come from, and where are you going?” She replied, “I’m running away from my mistress, Sarai.” He said to her, “Return to your mistress and submit to her authority. (10) I will greatly multiply your descendants” “they will be too numerous to count.” Then the Lord’s angel said to her, “You are now pregnant and are about to give birth to a son. You are to name him Ishmael, for the Lord has heard your painful groans.

(12 Ishmael will be a wild donkey of a man. He will be hostile to everyone,

and everyone will be hostile to him. He will live away from his brothers.”

(This describes Ishmael’s descendents to this day.)

(Gen 16:13-16; So Hagar named the Lord who spoke to her, “You are the God who sees me,” for she said, “Here I have seen One who sees me!” That is why the well was called Beer Lahai Roi. (It is located between Kadesh and Bered.) So Hagar gave birth to Abram’s son, whom Abram named Ishmael. (Now Abram was 86 years old when Hagar gave birth to Ishmael.)

Gen 17:1-2;  When Abram was 99 years old, he Lord appeared to him and said, “I am the sovereign God. Walk before Me and be blameless. Then I will confirm My covenant between Me and you, and I will give you a multitude of descendants.”

Abram bowed down with his face to the ground, and God said to him, (4) “As for me, this is My covenant with you: You will be the father of a multitude of nations. No longer will your name be Abram. Instead, your name will be Abraham because I will make you the father of a multitude of nations. I will make you extremely fruitful. I will make nations of you, and kings will descend from you. (7) I will confirm My covenant as a perpetual covenant between me and you. It will extend to your descendants after you throughout their generations. I will be your God and the God of your descendants after you. (8) I will give the whole land of Canaan – the land where you are now residing – to you and your descendants after you as a permanent possession. I will be their God.”

Gen 17:9-14; Then God said to Abraham, “As for you, you must keep the covenantal requirement I am imposing on you and your descendants after you throughout their generations. This is My requirement that you and your descendants after you must keep: Every male among you must be circumcised. You must circumcise the flesh of your foreskins. This will be a reminder of the covenant between Me and you. Throughout your generations every male among you who is eight days old must be circumcised, whether born in your house or bought with money from any foreigner who is not one of your descendants. (13) They must indeed be circumcised, whether born in your house or bought with money. The sign of My covenant will be visible in your flesh as a permanent reminder. Any uncircumcised male who has not been circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin will be cut off from his people – he has failed to carry out My requirement.”)

(Gen 17:15-18; Then God said to Abraham, “As for your wife, you must no longer call her Sarai; Sarah will be her name. I will bless her and will give you a son through her. I will bless her and she will become a mother of nations. Kings of countries will come from her!” Then Abraham bowed down with his face to the ground and laughed as he said to himself, “Can a son be born to a man who is a hundred years old? Can Sarah bear a child at the age of ninety?” (18) Abraham said to God, “O that Ishmael might live before you!”)

(Gen 17:19-22; God said, “No, Sarah your wife is going to bear you a son, and you will name him Isaac. I will confirm My covenant with him as a perpetual covenant for his descendants after him. (20) As for Ishmael, I have heard you. I will indeed bless him, make him fruitful, and give him a multitude of descendants. He will become the father of twelve princes; I will make him into a great nation. But I will establish My covenant with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you at this set time next year.” When He finished speaking with Abraham, God went up from him.”)

(Gen 17:23- Abraham took his son Ishmael and every male in his household (whether born in his house or bought with money) and circumcised them on that very same day, just as God had told him to do. Now Abraham was 99 years old when he was circumcised; his son Ishmael was thirteen years old when he was circumcised. Abraham and his son Ishmael were circumcised on the very same day. (27) All the men of his household, whether born in his household or bought with money from a foreigner, were circumcised with him.”)

(Gen18:1-5; The Lord appeared to Abraham by the oaks of Mamre while he was sitting at the entrance to his tent during the hottest time of the day. Abraham5 looked up and saw three men standing across from him. When he saw them he ran from the entrance of the tent to meet them and bowed low to the ground. (3) He said, “My lord, if I have found favor in your sight, do not pass by and leave your servant. Let a little water be brought so that you may all wash your feet and rest under the tree. And let me get a bit of food so that you may refresh yourselves since you have passed by your servant’s home. After that you may be on your way. “All right,” they replied, “you may do as you say.” (6-12; So Abraham hurried into the tent and said to Sarah, “Quick! Take three measures of fine flour, knead it, and make bread.” Then Abraham ran to the herd and chose a fine, tender calf, and gave it to a servant, who quickly prepared it. Abraham then took some curds and milk, along with the calf that had been prepared, and placed the food before them. They ate while he was standing near them under a tree. (9) Then they asked him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” He replied, “There, in the tent.” One of them said, “I will surely return to you when the season comes round again, and your wife Sarah will have a son!” (Now Sarah was listening at the entrance to the tent, not far behind him. Abraham and Sarah were old and advancing in years; Sarah had long since passed menopause.) (12) So Sarah laughed to herself, thinking, “After I am worn out will I have pleasure, especially when my husband is old too?”

(Gen 18:13- The Lord said to Abraham, “Why did Sarah laugh and say, ‘Will I really have a child when I am old?’ Is anything impossible for the Lord? I will return to you when the season comes round again and Sarah will have a son.” Then Sarah lied, saying, “I did not laugh,” because she was afraid. But the Lord said, “No! You did laugh.”

Abraham Pleads for Sodom

(Gen 18:16-19; When the men got up to leave, they looked out over Sodom. (Now Abraham was walking with them to see them on their way.) Then the Lord said, “Should I hide from Abraham what I am about to do? (18) After all, Abraham will surely become a great and powerful nation, and all the nations on the earth will pronounce blessings on one another using his name. I have chosen him so that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing what is right and just. Then the Lord will give to Abraham what he promised him.”

(Gen 18:20- So the Lord said, “The outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is so great and their sin so blatant that I must go down and see if they are as wicked as the outcry suggests. If not, I want to know.”

As the two men turned toward Sodom, Abraham was standing before the Lord. He ask “will you sweep away the Godly with the wicked? Abraham kept lowering the number from fifty on down asking, “will you spare for the sake of ten.” The Lord replied, “I’ll not destroy it for the sake of ten.” But Sodom and Gomorrah was destroyed, only Lot and his daughters lived.

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