Hebrews, Chapter 1

11/27/2,019 God’s eighth Month, Cheshvan 29, 5.780

To: A called people with a gifted desire to be atOne with God.

Hebrews was written from Italy; seems to be the final printed letter from Jesus through His apostle Paul. It’s to God’s church “Spiritual Israelites.” His letter reveals the summation of how Jesus’ New Covenant replaces the old. The “Hebrew - Israelites” had a semblance view of Temple construction and worship as passed from their ancestors, they “could grasp and teach God’s old and new covenant parallels.” We believe Paul is the Hebrews writer, in part because of his previous Pharisee knowledge of “Levite Priest’s Temple duties” and functions pertaining to their spiritual parallels.

Seemingly Through Paul, Jesus Speaks His Word Fully and Final,

while identifying Himself.

(Hebrews 1:1-4; “After God spoke long ago in various portions and in various ways to our ancestors through the prophets, in these last days He has spoken to us in a Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, and through whom He created the world. (3) The Son is the radiance of His ‘God the Father’s’ glory and the representation of His essence, and He ‘Jesus’ sustains all things by His powerful Word and so when He ‘Jesus’ had accomplished cleansing for sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high. Thus He became so far better than the angels as He has inherited a name superior to theirs.”) (Note; He has accomplished cleansing for sins.)

The revelations through God’s prophets are understood in Jesus’ fleshly and spiritual life. He is our Mediator before God the Father, our coming King of Kings, Israel’s and Non-Israelites’ final Deliverer. His foot stool is the earth and its enemies, judgment is rendered and ultimately the last enemy death will be destroyed. God the Father is revealed through God the Son and through His Son, all was created and all is sustained. See also John 1”1-5 and Colossians 1:15-20.

Note Paul’s revelations and use of the Old Testament.

(Heb 1:5-6; “For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are My Son! Today I have fathered you”? “quote from Psalms 2:7” And in another place He says, “I will be His father and He will be My Son.” “quote from 2 Sam 7:14 and Chronicles 17:13“. (6) But when He again brings His firstborn into the world, He says, “Let all the angels of God worship Him!” “quotation combining themes from Deut 32:43 and Ps 97:7.”

(Heb 1:7-12; “And He says of the angels, “He makes His angels spirits and His ministers a flame of fire,” “quote from Ps 104:4.” but of the Son He says, “Your throne, O God, is forever and ever, and a righteous scepter is the scepter of your kingdom. You have loved righteousness and hated lawlessness. So God, your God, has anointed You over your companions with the oil of rejoicing.” (10) And, “You founded the earth in the beginning, Lord, and the heavens are the works of your hands. They will perish, but You continue. And they will all grow old like a garment, and like a robe You will fold them up and like a garment they will be changed, but You are the same and your years will never run out.”)

You ‘Jesus’ founded the earth…your years will never run out. In its original setting Psalms 102:25-27 refers to the work of God in creation, but here in Hebrews 1:10-12 the writer employs it in reference to Christ, the Lord, making a strong argument for the essential deity of the Son. (There’s no mistake when we compare John 1:1-5 and Colossians 1:15-20)

(Heb 1:13; “But to which of the angels has He ever said, “Sit at My right hand until I make Your enemies a footstool for your feet”? “quote from Ps 110:1” Are they ‘the angels’ not all ministering spirits, sent out to serve those who will inherit salvation?”) (Contemplate on angels serving we followers of Jesus.) Powerful angels are sent to serve we who are inheriting salvation! That alone is reason to humbly submit to our Lord and Savior Jesus.

(Heb 2:1-4; “Therefore we must pay closer attention to what we have heard, so that we do not drift away. For if the message spoken through angels proved to be so firm that every violation or disobedience received its just penalty, how will we escape if we neglect such a great salvation? It was first communicated through the Lord and was confirmed to us by those who heard Him, while God confirmed their witness with signs and wonders and various miracles and gifts of the Holy Spirit distributed according to His will.”)

Gifts of the Holy Spirit? (1Cor 12:27-31; “Now you are Christ’s body, and each of you is a member of it. And God has placed in the church first apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then miracles, gifts of healing, helps, gifts of leadership, and different kinds of tongues. Not all are apostles, are they? Not all are prophets, are they? Not all are teachers, are they? Not all perform miracles, do they? Not all have gifts of healing, do they? Not all speak in tongues, do they? Not all interpret, do they? But you should be eager for the greater gifts. And now I will show you a way that is beyond comparison.”) In chapter 13: Paul explains that Godly love is the greatest of all gift. Fleshly love has waxed cold in this latter age!

Now Paul takes from Psalms 8:

(Heb 2:5-10; “For He did not put the world to come, about which we are speaking, under the control of angels. Instead someone testified somewhere: “What is man that You think of him or the son of man that you care for Him? You made Him lower than the angels for a little while. You crowned him with glory and honor. You put all things under his control.” For when He put all things under his control, he left nothing outside of his control. At present we do not yet see all things under his control, (9) but we see Jesus, who was made lower than the angels for a little while, now crowned with glory and honor because He suffered death, so that by God’s grace He would experience death on behalf of everyone. (10) For it was fitting for Him, for whom and through whom all things exist, in bringing many sons to glory, to make the Pioneer of their salvation perfect through sufferings.”)

The Greek word translated pioneer is used of a “prince” or leader, the representative head of a family. It also carries nuances of “trailblazer,” one who breaks through to new ground for those who follow him. It is used some thirty-five times in the Greek Old Testament and four times in the New Testament, always of Christ (Acts 3:15; 5:31; Heb 2:10; 12:2).

(Heb 2:11-18; “For indeed He who makes holy and those being made holy all have the same origin and so He is not ashamed to call them brothers and sisters, saying, “I will proclaim Your name to My brothers; in the midst of the assembly I will praise you.” “quote from Psalms 22:22.” (13) Again He says, “I will be confident in Him,” and again, “Here I am, with the children God has given Me. “quote from Isaiah 8:17-18.” therefore, since the children share in flesh and blood, He ‘Jesus’ likewise shared in their humanity, so that through death He could destroy the one who holds the power of death (that is, the devil), (15) and set free those who were held in slavery all their lives by their fear of death. For surely His concern is not for angels, but He is concerned for Abraham’s descendants. (17) Therefore He had to be made like his brothers and sisters in every respect, so that He could become a merciful and faithful high priest in things relating to God, to make atonement for the sins of the people. (Atonement? Propitiation” win favor: to appease or conciliate somebody or something.) (18) For since He Himself suffered when He was tempted, He is able to help those who are tempted.”)

We all need the Pioneer of our salvation’s help and to rekindle His faith in us by turning to His Word for purification.

Jesus delivered Israel through Moses who was made likened to Himself.

(Hebrews 3:1-6; “Therefore, holy brothers and sisters, partners in a heavenly calling, take note of Jesus, the apostle and high priest whom we confess, who is faithful to the One who appointed Him, as Moses was also in God’s house. For He ‘Jesus’ has come to deserve greater glory than Moses, just as the builder of a house deserves greater honor than the house itself! (4) For every house is built by someone, but the builder of all things is God. Now Moses was faithful in all God’s house as a servant, to testify to the things that would be spoken. But Christ is faithful as a Son over God’s house. We are of His house, if in fact we hold firmly to our confidence and the hope we take pride in.”)

Referring to Psalm 95: Hearing God’s Word in Faith,

Israel’s unbelief our example.

(Heb 3:7-19; “Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says, “Oh, that today you would listen as He speaks! “Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, in the day of testing in the wilderness. “There your fathers tested Me and tried Me, and they saw My works for forty years. “Therefore, I became provoked at that generation and said, ‘Their hearts are always wandering and they have not known My ways.’ (11) “As I swore in My anger, ‘They will never enter My rest!’” (12) See to it, brothers and sisters, that none of you has an evil, unbelieving heart that forsakes the living God. But exhort one another each day, as long as it is called “Today,” that none of you may become hardened by sin’s deception. (14) For we have become partners with Christ, if in fact we hold our initial confidence firm until the end. As it says, “Oh, that today you would listen as He speaks! Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion.” (quote from Ps 95:7b-8.) (16) For which ones heard and rebelled? Was it not all who came out of Egypt under Moses’ leadership? And against whom was God provoked for forty years? Was it not those who sinned, whose dead bodies fell in the wilderness? And to whom did He swear they would never enter into His rest, except those who were disobedient? So we see that they could not enter because of unbelief.”)

Except for those God reveals Himself to; the populations of the whole world are unbelievers. God called Abraham, Isaac and Jacob whose name He changed to Israel. (Israel meaning: God fights for.) From Israel’s twelve sons God called Joseph. Jacob blessed Joseph’s two sons with the blessings promised Abraham. Israelites were in Egypt four hundred years before Jesus called Moses to be their deliverer under Himself. Setting a deliverance parallel example between the old and new covenants.

Under Moses and as promised Abraham, only the Israelites were God’s chosen people, while He was allowed the rest go the way that seemed right to themselves. Jesus made a covenant promise between the Israelites and Himself through Moses, making Moses their deliverer and prophet. Jesus revealed to Moses before Joshua’s time, that the Israelites would turn from Him, to worldly paganism. But even long before promises were made to Abraham, God the Father and God the Son were planning the Son ’Jesus’’ ultimate blood sacrifice for the sins of the world. Through Jesus a new covenant is ratified and called out Believers in Him are being spiritually delivered from sin similar to Israel’s physical deliverance from Egypt. Watch these truths unfold as we study Hebrews.

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.