Hebrews, chapter 2

11/29/2,019 God’s 9th Month, Av 1, 5.780

To: A called people with a gifted desire to be atOne with God.

Why would Paul want to take New Covenant believers back to when Jesus delivered the Israelites through Moses? To demonstrate the parallels in miraculous deliverance, God’s choosing, planning and purposes. Paul had previously explained to God’s church at Rome and believers everywhere; “For everything that was written in former times was written for our instruction, so that through endurance and through encouragement of the scriptures we may have hope.” Rom 15:4) Paul also draws parallel comparisons of physical Israel being before Mt Zion when the commandments were given to spiritual Israelites approaching God’s throne in worshipful in prayer.

(Heb 12:22-24;” But you “Christians” have come to Mount Zion, the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of angels, to the assembly and congregation of the firstborn, who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous, who have been made perfect and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks of something better than Abel’s does.”)

Short sighted fleshly Israelites were rebellious, stubborn, kept looking back to how it’d been in Egypt and later looking to how other people groups served their gods to Samuel‘s day. God told Samuel, “they aren’t rejecting you, but Me.” So God gave them Saul and later David, who was a man after His own heart and through whom the Messiah would come.

(Hebrews 4:1-4; “Therefore we must be wary that, while the promise of entering His rest remains open, none of you “Christians” may seem to have come short of it. For we had good news proclaimed to us just as they did. But the message they heard did them no good, since they did not join in with those who heard it in faith. (The fathers) (3) For we who have believed enter that rest, as He has said, “As I swore in My anger, ‘They will never enter My rest!’” (Quote from Psalms 95:11) And yet God’s works were accomplished from the foundation of the world. (4) For He has spoken somewhere about the seventh day in this way: “And God rested on the seventh day from all His works,” (Quote from Genesis 2:2) but to repeat the text cited earlier: “They will never enter My rest!”)

God’s seventh day Sabbath and seventh month with four annual Sabbaths  foreshadows God rest for His people. (A rest form works, making, doing to obtain self serving gains and activities of the flesh.) A believing IN time of rest likened to father Abraham’s trusting believing IN faith.

Before God’s gifting His energizing Holy Spirit on that Pentecost after Jesus’ ascension, only His foundational chosen family of believers were gifted to believe IN as Jesus‘ followers are today. As a whole the Israelites weren’t gifted to believe IN as was Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph and Moses, “whom God called and revealed Himself to.”

(Heb 4:6; “Therefore it remains for some to enter it, ’the rest’ yet those to whom it was previously proclaimed did not enter because of disobedience.”)

Faithful obedience or obedience through faith is key. Obeying and trusting in Jesus, the Pioneer of our salvations is what God desires.

(Heb 4:7; “So God again ordains, “sets aside’ a certain day, “Today” speaking through David after so long a time, as in the words quoted before, “O, that today you would listen as He speaks.”) (Greek word for ‘today‘ has the meaning; “today if you hear His voice.” Do not harden your hearts.”) Our hearts are hard when our main pursuits are “getting and “entertaining self.”

(Heb 4:8-10; “For if Joshua had given them ‘the Israelites’ rest, God would not have spoken afterward about another ‘future’ day.’ (9) Consequently a Sabbath rest remains for the people of God. For the one who enters God’s rest has also rested from his works, just as God did from His own works.”) After creating God sit back and observed His work, rested from His work activity. Entering God’s rest includes repentance from dead works and  seeking His selfless nature.

(Heb 4:11-12; “Thus we must make every effort to enter that rest, so that no one may fall by following the same pattern of disobedience. For the Word ‘energizing Power - Spirit’ of God is living and active and sharper than any double-edged sword, piercing even to the point of dividing soul from spirit, and joints from marrow; it is able to judge the desires and thoughts of the heart.”)

(Heb 4:13; “And no creature is hidden from God, but everything is naked and exposed to the eyes of Him to whom we, ‘followers of Jesus’ must render an account.”) Each individual’s deeds will be judged during God’s millennial rest. Jesus Our Compassionate High Priest compares to Aaron or Leviticus Priest.

(Heb 4:14-16; “Therefore since we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast to our confession, “repentance” For we do not have a high priest incapable of sympathizing with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in every way just as we are, yet without sin. (16) Therefore let us confidently approach the throne of grace to receive mercy and find grace whenever we need help.”)

That Throne? Not like physical Mount Zion, where they feared to the degree that Moses said ‘I exceeded fear.’ (Heb 12:18-24; “For you have not come to something that can be touched, to a burning fire and darkness and gloom and a whirlwind and the blast of a trumpet and a voice uttering words such that those who heard begged to hear no more. For they ‘the Israelites’ could not bear what was commanded: “If even an animal touches the mountain, it must be stoned.” (21) In fact, the scene was so terrifying that Moses said, “I shudder with fear.” (22) But you (‘trusting through Jesus’ gifted faith’) have come to Mount Zion, the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of angels, to the assembly and congregation of the firstborn, who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous, who have been made perfect, and to Jesus, the Mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks of something better than Abel’s does.”)

Abel’s shed blood still speaks in that it witnesses, cries out to the Lord for justice and judgment, but Jesus’ blood speaks of redemption and forgiveness, something better than Abel’s does (Gen 4:10; Heb 9:11-14; 11:4).

Jesus, High Priest on the order of Melchizedek.

(Heb 5:1-4; “For every ‘Levite’ high priest is taken from among the people and appointed to represent them before God, to offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins. He is able to deal compassionately with those who are ignorant and erring, since he also is subject to weakness, and for this reason he is obligated to make sin offerings for Himself as well as for the people. (4) And no one assumes this honor on his own initiative, but only when called to it by God, as in fact Aaron was.”

(Heb 5:5-6; “So also Christ did not glorify Himself in becoming high priest, but the One who glorified Him was God, who said to Him, “You are My Son! Today I have fathered You,” as also in another place God says, “You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.”) Quote from Psalms 110:4. (Greek; “I have begotten You”; see Heb 1:5, quote from Psalms 2:7.)

(Heb 5:7-10;” During His earthly life Christ offered both requests and supplications, with loud cries and tears, to the One who was able to save Him from ‘eternal’ death and He was heard because of His devotion. (8) Although He was a Son, He learned obedience through the things He suffered. (9)And by being perfected in this way, He became the source of eternal salvation to all who obey Him, and He was designated by God as high priest in the order of Melchizedek.”) The phrase in the order of Melchizedek picks up the quotation from Psalms 110:4 in Heb 5:6.

Melchizedek? If not Jesus he was an appointed angel serving Jesus. We believe Melchizedek was in fact Jesus serving as king of Salem, meaning peace. Salem is traditionally identified as the Jebusite stronghold of old Jerusalem. Accordingly, there has been much speculation about its king. Though some have identified him with the pre-incarnate Christ or with Noah’s son Shem.

Net Bible translators think it far more likely that Melchizedek was a Canaanite royal priest whom God used to renew the promise of the blessing to Abram, perhaps because Abram considered Melchizedek his spiritual superior. But Melchizedek remains an enigma. In a book filled with genealogical records he appears on the scene without a genealogy and then disappears from the narrative. In Psalm 110 the Lord declares that the Davidic king is a royal priest after the pattern of Melchizedek. To be without genealogy is strong indication that Jesus Himself served as king of Salem and likewise David is appointed to serve in Jesus’ millennial kingdom.

The text of Genesis 14:17-20; sounds like the Son of God’s speech.

(Gen 14:17-20; After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet Abram in the Valley of Shaveh (known as the King’s Valley). Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. (Now he was the priest of the Most High God.) He blessed Abram, saying, “Blessed be Abram by the Most High God, Creator of heaven and earth. Worthy of praise is the Most High God, who delivered your enemies into your hand.” Abram gave Melchizedek a tenth of everything.”) Abraham refused to give or take anything from the king of Sodom because he said; (“I raise my hand to the Lord, the Most High God, Creator of heaven and earth, and vow that I will take nothing belonging to you, not even a thread or the strap of a sandal. That way you can never say, ‘It is I who made Abram rich.’ I will take nothing except compensation for what the young men have eaten. As for the share of the men who went with me – Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre – let them take their share.”) Gen 14:23-24)

Abraham’s character and faith is one to mimic.

Jerusalem out to the borders promised Abraham are perpetually Israel.

God’s calendar begins at Jerusalem, as the earth turns, sunsets begins new days over the whole earth. In an approximate 24 hours span of time the sun sets on a belted area north and south of the equator as God planned. God’s days begins and ends at sunsets ‘in the Judean area.’ His day, new moon and seasons can’t be altered. Mankind’s alternations demonstrate hostility.

Paul considered Hebrews sluggish and in need of maturity.

(Heb 5:11; On this topic we have much to say and it is difficult to explain, since you ‘Hebrews’ have become sluggish in hearing ‘understanding.’ For though you should in fact be teachers by this time, you need someone to teach you the beginning elements of God’s utterances. You have gone back to needing milk, not solid food. For everyone who lives on milk is inexperienced in the message of righteousness, because he is an infant. But solid food is for the mature, whose perceptions are trained by practice to discern both good and evil.”) Next Paul teaches the elementary doctrine of Jesus’ good news doctrine with the admonishment to move on to perfection. He identifies the seven doctrines naming the seventh first.

(Heb 6:1-2; “Therefore we must progress beyond the elementary instructions about Christ and (7) move on to maturity, (1) not laying this foundation again: repentance from dead works and (2) faith in God, (3) teaching about baptisms, (4) laying on of hands, (5) resurrection of the dead, and (6) eternal judgment.”)

(Heb 6:3-6; “And this is what we intend to do, if God permits. For it is impossible in the case of those who have once been enlightened, tasted the heavenly gift, become partakers of the Holy Spirit, tasted the good word of God and the miracles of the coming age, and then have committed apostasy, ‘a falling away’ to renew them again to repentance, since they are crucifying the Son of God for themselves all over again and holding Him up to contempt.”) Once miraculously gifted with God’s energizing Holy Spirit, believing IN Him as He’s manifest to be; then fall back to this world’s demonic system of things; “surely it’d be difficult to regain Jesus’ imputed faith.”

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