Paul’s Calling, Teaching and commentary, chapter 11

To: “Churches of God” Called to be Spiritual Israelites, atOne with Jesus. 3/18/19, God’s 13th month 11th day of Adar 2, 5779 until sunset.

Paul taught “the righteous and unrighteous will be resurrected, each in their own order.” (Review 1Cor 15:23) Satan has the world so upside down and “as for as we know no worldly religion teaches Jesus’ spiritual and physical resurrections as His prophet. “That all Israel will be saved.” (See Isaiah 22: 35: 51: - 53:, 65: Jeremiah 31: and Amos 9:11-15) Paul continues his defense before Roman rulers, as he repeated several times.

(Acts 26:19-23; “Therefore, King Agrippa, I was not disobedient to the heavenly vision, but I declared to those in Damascus first, and then to those in Jerusalem and in all Judea, and to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, performing deeds consistent with repentance. For this reason the Jews seized me in the temple courts and were trying to kill me. I have experienced help from God to this day, and so I stand testifying to both small and great, saying nothing except what the prophets and Moses said was going to happen: that the Christ was to suffer and be the first to rise from the dead, to proclaim light both to our people and to the Gentiles.” (24-32; “As Paul was saying these things in his defense, Festus exclaimed loudly, “You have lost your mind, Paul! Your great learning is driving you insane!” But Paul replied, “I have not lost my mind, most excellent Festus, but am speaking true and rational words. For the king knows about these things, and I am speaking freely to him, because I cannot believe that any of these things has escaped his notice, for this was not done in a corner. (27) Do you believe the prophets, King Agrippa? I know that you believe.” Agrippa said to Paul, “In such a short time are you persuading me to become a Christian?” Paul replied, “I pray to God that whether in a short or a long time not only you but also all those who are listening to me today could become such as I am, except for these chains.” So the king got up, and with him the governor and Bernice and those sitting with them, and as they were leaving they said to one another, “This man is not doing anything deserving death or imprisonment.” Agrippa said to Festus, “This man could have been released if he had not appealed to Caesar.”) What a witness!

(Acts 27:1-8; ”When it was decided we, “Luke, Paul and companions” would sail to Italy, they handed over Paul and some other prisoners to a centurion of the Augustan Cohort named Julius. We went on board a ship from Adramyttium that was about to sail to various ports along the coast of the province of Asia and put out to sea, accompanied by Aristarchus, a Macedonian from Thessalonica. The next day we put in at Sidon, and Julius, treating Paul kindly, allowed him to go to his friends so they could provide him with what he needed. From there we put out to sea and sailed under the lee of Cyprus because the winds were against us. After we had sailed across the open sea off Cilicia and Pamphylia, we put in at Myra in Lycia. There the centurion found a ship from Alexandria sailing for Italy, and he put us aboard it. We sailed slowly for many days and arrived with difficulty off Cnidus. Because the wind prevented us from going any farther, we sailed under the lee of Crete off Salmone. With difficulty we sailed along the coast of Crete and came to a place called Fair Havens that was near the town of Lasea.”) Under the lee? “islands protection from wind.”

An apostle is “one whom Jesus witnessed through.” Paul was under the guidance and protection of Jesus, and coworkers were called to assist him, together they witnessed and started “Churches of God” including in the providence of Asia. It seems that Paul made three trips back to Jerusalem. That last trip included bringing provisions for the Saints. He was warned about troubles awaiting him in Jerusalem. Radical Judeans, stirred up by Synagogue officials, opposed Paul’s conduct. A Roman military commander saved Paul, arrested and enabled him to witness to governors Felix, Festus, king Agrippa and a multitude of others. Agrippa said Paul could’ve been freed except for his appeal to Emperor Caesar. So Paul was sent to Rome.

Jesus used a violent storm to demonstrate Paul’s apostleship.

“It was the third season, after the annual Sabbath “Atonement.”

(Acts 27:9-10; “Since considerable time had passed and the voyage was now dangerous because the fast was already over, Paul advised them, “Men, I can see the voyage is going to end in disaster and great loss not only of the cargo and the ship, but also of our lives.” (The fast refers to the Jewish Day of Atonement, “Yom Kippur.” It was the fall season, dangerous winter winds would soon occur (see also Suetonius, Life of Claudius 18; Josephus, J. W. 1.14.2-3 [1.279-281]). (Acts 27:11-20; “But the centurion was more convinced by the captain and the ship’s owner than by what Paul said. Because the harbor was not suitable to spend the winter in, the majority decided to put out to sea from there. They hoped that somehow they could reach Phoenix, a harbor of Crete facing southwest and northwest and spend the winter there. When a gentle south wind sprang up they thought to carry out their purpose, so they weighed anchor and sailed close along the coast of Crete. (14) Not long after this, a hurricane-force wind called the northeaster blew down from the island. When the ship was caught in it and could not head into the wind, we gave way to it and were driven along. As we ran under the lee of a small island called Cauda, we were able with difficulty to get the ship’s boat under control. (17) After the crew had hoisted it aboard, they used supports to undergird the ship. Fearing they would run aground on the Syrtis, they lowered the sea anchor, thus letting themselves be driven along. The next day, because we were violently battered by the storm, they began throwing the cargo overboard and on the third day they threw the ship’s gear overboard with their own hands. (20) When neither sun nor stars appeared for many days and a violent storm continued to batter us, we finally abandoned all hope of being saved.”)

Paul and companions kept the annual Sabbath Atonement, “Yom Kippur” and some had continued their fasting.

(Acts 27:21-26; “Since many of them had no desire to eat, Paul stood up among them and said, “Men, you should have listened to me and not put out to sea from Crete, thus avoiding this damage and loss. And now I advise you to keep up your courage, for there will be no loss of life among you, but only the ship will be lost. (23) For last night an angel of the God to whom I belong and whom I serve came to me and said, ‘Do not be afraid, Paul! You must stand before Caesar, and God has graciously granted you the safety of all who are sailing with you.’ (25) Therefore keep up your courage, for I have faith in God that it will be just as I have been told. But we must run aground on some island.” (Some 14 days had passed, they were now mid “Feast of Tabernacles.”)

(Acts 27:27-32; “When the fourteenth night had come, while we were being driven across the Adriatic Sea, about midnight the sailors suspected they were approaching some land. They took soundings and found the water was twenty fathoms deep; when they had sailed a little farther they took soundings again and found it was fifteen fathoms deep. Because they were afraid that we would run aground on the rocky coast, they threw out four anchors from the stern and wished for day to appear. (30) Then when the sailors tried to escape from the ship and were lowering the ship’s boat into the sea, pretending that they were going to put out anchors from the bow, (31) Paul said to the centurion and the soldiers, “Unless these men stay with the ship, you cannot be saved.” Then the soldiers cut the ropes of the ship’s boat and let it drift away.”

(Acts 27:33-38; “As day was about to dawn, Paul urged them all to take some food, saying, “Today is the fourteenth day you have been in suspense and have gone without food; you have eaten nothing. Therefore I urge you to take some food, for this is important for your survival. For not one of you will lose a hair from his head.” After he said this, Paul took bread and gave thanks to God in front of them all, broke it, and began to eat. So all of them were encouraged and took food themselves. (37) (We were in all two hundred seventy-six persons on the ship.) When they had eaten enough to be satisfied, they lightened the ship by throwing the wheat into the sea.”

Shipwrecked: (Acts 27:39-44; “When day came, they did not recognize the land, but they noticed a bay with a beach, where they decided to run the ship aground if they could. So they slipped the anchors and left them in the sea, at the same time loosening the linkage that bound the steering oars together. Then they hoisted the foresail to the wind and steered toward the beach. (41) But they encountered a patch of crosscurrents and ran the ship aground; the bow stuck fast and could not be moved, but the stern was being broken up by the force of the waves. (42) Now the soldiers’ plan was to kill the prisoners so that none of them would escape by swimming away. But the centurion, wanting to save Paul’s life, prevented them from carrying out their plan. He ordered those who could swim to jump overboard first and get to land, and the rest were to follow, some on planks and some on pieces of the ship. And in this way all were brought safely to land.”)

MALTA: (Acts 28:1- “After we had safely reached shore, we learned that the island was called Malta. The local inhabitants showed us extraordinary kindness, for they built a fire and welcomed us all because it had started to rain and was cold. When Paul had gathered a bundle of brushwood and was putting it on the fire, a viper came out because of the heat and fastened itself on his hand. (4) When the local people saw the creature hanging from Paul’s hand, they said to one another, “No doubt this man is a murderer! Although he has escaped from the sea, Justice herself has not allowed him to live!” (5) However, Paul shook the creature off into the fire and suffered no harm, but they were expecting that he was going to swell up or suddenly drop dead. So after they had waited a long time and had seen nothing unusual happen to him, they changed their minds and said he was a god.”)

Mark closed his gospel account with Jesus telling His apostles in part.

(Mark 16:12-20; “After this He, “Jesus” appeared in a different form to times two of them while they were on their way to the country. He rebuked them for their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they did not believe those who had seen Him resurrected. (17) These signs will accompany those who believe: In My name they will drive out demons; they will speak in new languages; they will pick up snakes with their hands, and whatever poison they drink will not harm them; they will place their hands on the sick and they will be well.” After the had spoken to them, he was taken up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God. (Always read the whole.)

Jesus healed Publius’ father through Paul. (Acts 28:7-10; “Now in the region around that place were fields belonging to the chief official of the island, named Publius, who welcomed us and entertained us hospitably as guests for three days. The father of Publius lay sick in bed, suffering from fever and dysentery. Paul went in to see him and after praying, placed his hands on him and healed him. (9) After this had happened, many of the people on the island who were sick also came and were healed. They also bestowed many honors and when we were preparing to sail, they gave us all the supplies we needed.”)

This appears to be the last recorded supernatural healings by Jesus through an apostle. Followers of Jesus should still lay hands on the sick and pray for healing when inspired. Believers IN will be healed, “if not in this age, in the coming millennial age.” Review Acts 3: Jesus revealed to Peter and John with gifted knowing faith that the lame man would be healed.

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